Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management.

Our most challenging insect pests (“Bad Bugs”):

  • Japanese beetle

    courtesy U. of Iowa Extension
  • Stink bugs

    courtesy UW-Milwaukee
  • Sap beetle (picnic bettle)

    Glischrochilus quadrisignatus (say).jpg
    courtesy Wikipedia
  • Earwigs

    Earwigs
    courtesy L. Jesse, Iowa State University
  • Raspberry cane and crown borers
    courtesy University of Kentucky

    Rednecked Cane Borer
    Rednecked Cane Borer, courtesy University of Kentucky
  • Cut worms, see for instance M1225
  • Spotted wing drosophila    SWDTraps_CornellFruit
  • Fungus gnats

Strategic Planning to Avoid Pest Infestation:

  • exclusion/isolation with high tunnels/insect screening

    GFS front high tunnels with 55% shade fabric for Japanese beetle exclusion
    GFS front high tunnels with 55% shade fabric for Japanese beetle exclusion
  •  a robust spring (rather than conventional fall) harvest to preempt Japanese Beetle emergence and infestation;
  • kaolin clay (anti-feedant); pmb380-b
    A GFS dwarf plum tree with Kaolin clat
    A GFS dwarf plum tree with Kaolin clay film


    dwarf cherry kaolin
    A GFS dwarf cherry tree with Kaolin clay film

     

  • neem (soil drench) see, for instance, monterey-70-neem-oil-label, an insect mating disruptor and anti-feedant
  • drip irrigation .

Cultural Practices:

  • hand-picking/collection of insects;
  • trellising and thinning of canes;
  • plant and harvest hygiene;
  • fruit and cane culling;
  • companion planting;  we are growing pyrethrum-producing chrysanthemums, wild geranium, chives, yarrow, catmint, garlic, lavender, and tansy for their insect repelling properties.
Foreground: pyrethrum producing chrysanthemums and pink peony; Middle: a native variety of coreopsis and a creeping phlox; Background: shrub rose groundcover
pyrethrum producing chrysanthems
early summer yarrow
early summer yarrow
top left: Yarrow foliage, top right: Catmint, bottom: dianthus
top left: Yarrow foliage, top right: Catmint, bottom: dianthus
geranium
“wild” perennial geranium (not the tuberous ornamental type)
which one 1
Chives
walkers low catmint
Walker’s Low Catmint

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Biological Control Measures:

Beneficial insects and nematodes;

Milky Spore and specialized bacteria;

Spinosad; we use it in Sluggo Plus for earwigs, etc.

Reproductive disruption (such as neem oil);

Anti-feedant (such as neem oil)

Dehydration

Organic knockdown or drench applications, as needed:

insecticidal soap see, for instance 5118-safer-brand-insect-killing-soap-concentrate-instructions

neem oil, this is the same Monterey product

pyrethrum, a good one is Pyganic, see pyganic-label.